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Tutorial: How to get started with the HPE CSI Driver and HPE Primera and 3PAR
With the release of the HPE Container Storage Interface (CSI) driver for Kubernetes back in January, HPE has been hard at work on integrating additional platforms into the CSI driver framework. Initially the HPE CSI Driver for Kubernetes only supported Nimble Storage now with the latest v1.1.1 comes support for HPE Primera and 3PAR arrays. In this tutorial, I will walk you through the steps of deploying the CSI driver with HPE Primera and then we will deploy a Wordpress site using persistent storage. With that, let's get going!
I will be starting with an existing Kubernetes cluster. This can be a fresh install with kubeadm or kubespray. The deployment of Kubernetes is outside of the scope of this document. If you don't have a cluster up and running, I recommend that you get started there.
Also I am assuming
kubectl is installed and configured to communicate with the cluster and Helm 3 to deploy the HPE CSI Driver for Kubernetes. If not, here are some good resources to check out for assistance Install and Set Up kubectl and https://helm.sh/docs/ to get setup.
Deploying the HPE CSI Driver and HPE 3PAR and Primera Container Storage Provider with Helm
To get started with the deployment of the HPE CSI Driver, check out the HPE Storage Container Orchestrator Documentation (SCOD for short) site. SCOD is an umbrella documentation project for all Kubernetes and Docker integrations for HPE primary storage tailored for IT Ops, developers and partners. It includes HPE 3PAR, HPE Primera, HPE Cloud Volumes and HPE Nimble Storage.
The HPE CSI Driver is deployed by using industry standard means, either a Helm chart or an Operator. For this tutorial, I will be using Helm to the deploy the CSI driver.
The official Helm chart for the HPE CSI Driver for Kubernetes is hosted on hub.helm.sh. There, you will find the configuration and installation instructions for the chart.
The first step of installing the HPE CSI Driver is creating the values.yaml file.
Please refer to this sample values.yaml file.
Copy the following into the file. Make sure to set the backendType: primera3par and the backend to the array IP along with the array username and password.
# HPE backend storage type (nimble, primera3par) backendType: primera3par secret: # parameters for specified backendType (nimble, primera3par) create: true backend: 192.168.1.10 username: 3paradm password: 3pardata servicePort: "8080" ## For creating the StorageClass automatically: storageClass: create: false
NOTE:The user specified will need at a minimum the edit role on the array.
Save and exit.
IMPORTANTDeploying the HPE CSI Driver with the HPE 3PAR and Primera CSP currently doesn't support the creation of the default
StorageClassin the Helm chart. Make sure to set create: false or omit the
Installing the chart
To install the chart with the name hpe-csi:
Add the HPE CSI Driver for Kubernetes helm repo:
helm repo add hpe https://hpe-storage.github.io/co-deployments helm repo update
Install the latest chart:
helm install hpe-csi hpe/hpe-csi-driver --namespace kube-system -f primera-values.yaml
Wait a few minutes as the deployment finishes.
Verify that everything is up and running correctly with the listing out the pods.
kubectl get pods --all-namespaces -l 'app in (primera3par-csp, hpe-csi-node, hpe-csi-controller)' NAMESPACE NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE kube-system hpe-csi-controller-84d8569476-vt7xg 5/5 Running 0 13m kube-system hpe-csi-node-s4c8z 2/2 Running 0 13m kube-system primera3par-csp-66f775b555-2qclg 1/1 Running 0 13m
kubectl get secret -n kube-system | grep primera3par primera3par-secret Opaque 5 13m
If all of the components show in
Running state, then the HPE CSI driver and the HPE 3PAR and Primera Container Storage Provider has been successfully deployed.
Using the HPE CSI Driver and HPE 3PAR and Primera Container Storage Provider
Now, let's validate the deployment by creating a
PersistentVolumeClaim and deploy a Wordpress site.
We need to create a
StorageClass API object using the HPE CSI driver, along with the parameters specific to HPE 3PAR and Primera CSP, as well as the
Secret used for the primera3par backend. For a full list of supported parameters, please refer to the CSP specific documentation.
The below YAML declarations are meant to be created with
kubectl create. Either copy the content to a file on the host where
kubectl is being executed, or copy & paste into the terminal, like this:
kubectl create -f- < paste the YAML > ^D (CTRL + D)
StorageClass API object for a Primera Data Reduction volume.
--- apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1 kind: StorageClass metadata: name: primera-reduce-sc provisioner: csi.hpe.com parameters: csi.storage.k8s.io/fstype: ext4 csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-name: primera3par-secret csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-namespace: kube-system csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-publish-secret-name: primera3par-secret csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-publish-secret-namespace: kube-system csi.storage.k8s.io/node-publish-secret-name: primera3par-secret csi.storage.k8s.io/node-publish-secret-namespace: kube-system csi.storage.k8s.io/node-stage-secret-name: primera3par-secret csi.storage.k8s.io/node-stage-secret-namespace: kube-system # Uncomment for k8s 1.15 for resize support csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-expand-secret-name: primera3par-secret csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-expand-secret-namespace: kube-system cpg: SSD_r6 provisioning_type: reduce accessProtocol: fc
PersistentVolumeClaim for MariaDB for use by Wordpress. This object creates a
PersistentVolume as defined. Make sure to reference the correct
--- kind: PersistentVolumeClaim apiVersion: v1 metadata: name: data-my-wordpress-mariadb-0 spec: accessModes: - ReadWriteOnce resources: requests: storage: 50Gi storageClassName: primera-reduce-sc
Next, let's make another for the Wordpress application.
--- apiVersion: v1 kind: PersistentVolumeClaim metadata: name: my-wordpress spec: accessModes: - ReadWriteOnce resources: requests: storage: 20Gi storageClassName: primera-reduce-sc
Let's again verify the
PersistentVolume were created successfully.
kubectl get pv NAME STATUS VOLUME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES STORAGECLASS AGE data-my-wordpress-mariadb-0 Bound pvc-1abdb7d7-374e-45b3-8fa1-534131ec7ec6 50Gi RWO primera-reduce-sc 1m my-wordpress Bound pvc-ff6dc8fd-2b14-4726-b608-be8b27485603 20Gi RWO primera-reduce-sc 1m
The above output means that the HPE CSI Driver successfully provisioned a new volume based upon the primera-reduce-sc
StorageClass. The volume is not attached to any node yet. It will only be attached to a node once a scheduled workload requests the
Now, let's use Helm to deploy Wordpress using the
PVC created previously. When Wordpress is deployed, the volumes will be attached, formatted and mounted.
The first step is to add the Wordpress chart.
helm repo add bitnami https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami helm repo update helm search repo bitnami/wordpress NAME CHART VERSION APP VERSION DESCRIPTION bitnami/wordpress 9.2.1 5.4.0 Web publishing platform for building blogs and ...
Deploy Wordpress by setting
persistence.existingClaim=<existing_PVC> to the
PVC created in the previous step.
helm install my-wordpress bitnami/wordpress --version 9.2.1 --set service.type=ClusterIP,wordpressUsername=admin,wordpressPassword=adminpassword,mariadb.mariadbRootPassword=secretpassword,persistence.existingClaim=my-wordpress,allowEmptyPassword=false
Check to verify that Wordpress and MariaDB were deployed and are in the Running state. This may take a few minutes.
kubectl get pods NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE my-wordpress-69b7976c85-9mfjv 1/1 Running 0 2m my-wordpress-mariadb-0 1/1 Running 0 2m
Finally lets take a look at the Wordpress site. You can use
kubectl port-forward to access the Wordpress application from within the Kubernetes cluster to verify everything is working correctly.
kubectl port-forward svc/my-wordpress 80:80 Forwarding from 127.0.0.1:80 -> 8080 Forwarding from [::1]:80 -> 8080
NOTE:If you have something already running locally on port 80, modify the port-forward to an unused port (i.e. 5000:80).
Open a browser on your workstation to http://127.0.0.1 and you should see, "Hello World!". Access the admin console at: http://127.0.0.1/admin using the user/password used to deploy the Helm Chart. Happy Blogging!
Stay tuned to HPE DEV for future blogs regarding the HPE CSI Driver for Kubernetes. In the meantime, if you want to learn more about Kubernetes, CSI and the integration with HPE storage products, you can find a ton of Resources out on SCOD! If you are already on Slack or an HPE employee, connect with us on Slack. If you are a new user, signup at slack.hpedev.io. We hang out in #kubernetes, #nimblestorage and #3par-primera.